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孔子名言名句(带英语翻译)

时间:2015-06-22 18:27来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
为学篇  On Learning
 
  (一)学而时习之,不亦说乎?
  Is it not a pleasure after all to practice in due time what one has learnt?
  孔子说:“对学过的知识按时去实习它,不也是很好的事吗?”
  (二)学而不厌,悔人不倦。
  Study hard and never feel contented,and never be tired of teaching others.
  孔子说:“学习努力而不满足,教导别人不知疲倦。”
  (三)学而不思则罔,思而不学则殆。
  It throws one into bewilderment to read without thinking whereas it places one in jeopardy
  to think without reading.
  孔子说:“只读书不思考,就不会分析。只空想不读书,就不明事理。”
  (四)三人行,必有我师焉。择其善者而从之,其不善者而改之。
  When walking in the company of other men,there must be one I can learn something from.I shall
  pick out his merits to follow and his shortcomings for reference to overcome my own.
  孔子说:“有几个人一起走路,其中便一定有值得我们学习的人。我选取那些优点而学习,看出那些缺点而检查改正。”
  (五)逝者如斯夫!不舍昼夜。
  Standing by the side of a river,Confucius sighed,"Time is going on like this river,flowing away
  endlessly day and night."
  孔子站在河边感叹道:“过去的时光就像这河水一样,日夜不停地流去。”
  (六)知之者不如好之者,好之者不如乐之者。
  To be fond of knowledge is better than merely to acquire it;to take delight in it is still better
  than merely to be fond of it.
  孔子说:“懂得学业的人不如喜爱学业的人,喜爱学业的人不如以从事学业为快乐的人。”
 
立志篇 On Will
  (一)三军可夺帅也,匹夫不可夺志也。
  An army may be deprived of its commanding officer,yey a man cannot be deprived of his will.
  孔子说:“军队可以丧失主帅,一个人不可丧失志气。”意思是三军之勇在人,匹夫之志在己。故帅可
  夺而志不可夺。如可夺,则亦不足谓之志矣。
  (二)老者安之,朋友信之,少者怀之。
  I wish for the old to live in peace and comfort,friends to trust each other and the young
  to be taken good care of.
  孔子说:“我愿老年人得到安逸,朋友们相互信任,少年人得到关怀。”
  (三)岁寒,然后知松柏之后凋也。
  Only when the weather turns cold can we see that the leaves of pines and cypresses are
  the last to wither and fall.
  孔子说:“到了严寒的季节,才知道松柏树是不落叶的。”正如“士穷见节义,世乱识忠臣。”
  (四)士志于道,而耻恶衣恶食者,未足与议也。
  It is not worthwhile to have discussions with a scholar who is willing to search for the
  truth,but is ashamed of poor food and dress.
  孔子说:“既有志于学习和追求真理却又以贫困为耻辱的读书人,不值得与他讨论真理。”
  (五)朝闻道,夕死可矣。
  If one learns the truth in the morning,one would never regret dying the same evening.
  孔子说:“早晨学得真理,当天晚上死掉也不后悔。”意思是指“生命不息,学习不止。”

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